From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The shape and size of a glove is described by its "pattern". Modern gloves have become quite specialized, with position-specific patterns:

  • Catchers mitts are called "mitts" because they lack individual fingers, like mittens. They have extra padding and a hinged, claw-like shape that helps them to catch 90+-mile-per-hour fastballs, and provide a good target for pitchers. If required to catch a knuckleball, a catcher will typically use an even larger mitt. Sizes of catchers mitts, unlike those of other gloves, are measured around the circumference, and they typically have 32- to 34-inch patterns.
  • First basemens mitts also lack individual fingers. They are generally very long and wide to help them "pick or scoop" badly thrown balls from infielders. These mitts usually have 12.5- to 12.75-inch patterns, measured from wrist to the tip. Note that, because first basemen are often left-handed, first basemens mitts are readily available to fit on a right hand. Hank Greenberg, a famously clumsy fielder, is often credited as the first to wear this style of glove in the field.[4]
  • Infielders gloves, unlike the first basemans mitt, tend to be smaller. They have shallow pockets to allow fielders to remove the ball easily in order to make a quick throw to a base. Often the webbing will be open to allow dirt to move through the glove so that the infielder does not pull out a handful of dirt when trying to remove the ball from the glove. Infielders gloves typically have 11- to 12-inch patterns, measured from the wrist to the tip.
  • Pitchers gloves usually have a closed, opaque, webbing to allow pitchers to conceal their grip on the ball (which, in part, determines the behavior of the pitch in flight) from the batter.
  • Outfielders gloves are usually quite long with deep pockets, to help with catching fly balls on the run or in a dive, and to keep outfielders from having to bend down as far to field a ground ball. These gloves typically have 12- to 12.75-inch patterns, measured from wrist to the tip. They are frequently worn-in differently than those of infielders, with a flatter squeeze rather than the infielders rounded style.

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